day is a celebration in India. Indians love celebrations
and the year is filled with innumerable fairs and festivals. Almost
every day marks a religious or local community, where ritual fasting
and feasting go hand in hand.
Some festivals are linked to the pantheon
of gods and goddesses, others follow the changing seasons and mark
pastoral occasions. Some commemorate anniversaries and events of
national importance such as the Republic Day.
festivals usually follow the lunar calendar and both the full
moon and the new moon are considered auspicious. Muslim festivals,
too, are determined by the new moon. This means that the dates of
most religious festivals vary from year to year.
One of the main Festivals and Celebrations in India:
(Feb/Mar): Celebration of the wedding of Shiva and Parvati for
the devotees of Shiva.
(Feb) Muslim festival which commemorates the willingness of
Abraham to sacrifice his son Ismail.
(Mar): This colorful festival which heralds the end of winter,
takes place on a full moon night. The day before
Holi, you could see bonfires in the streets as well as the burning
of the effigy of the demon Holika,
which represents the victory of good. During this celebration for
Lord Krishna, the tradition is to sprinkle
everybody with colored powder.
Baisakhi. Taking place the 13th of
April, this festival marks the harvest season in the North.
(Apr): This festival is mainly followed by the devotees of
Lord Rama. Nine days before, the Hindu respect a strict vegetarian
diet, usually without garlic and onions.
Mahavari Jayanti: (April/May). More
visible in the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, this festival commemorates
the birth of Mahavira, founder of Jainism. On this day, people visit
shrines and offer prayers.
Jayanti (May): Buddhists meet for praying on this day celebrating
the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha.
Milad-ul-Nabi (May): This festival
celebrates the birth of the prophet Mohammed.
This important festival in July and August marks the birth of
Lord Krishna; the devotees have to fast during all the day.
(Sep/Oct): During 9 days, the episodes from the Ramayana are
enacted all over India. On this day the effigies of Ravana (an evil)
are burnt all over the country to celebrate the victory of "Good
(Oct/Nov): This festival which could be compared with the Christian
Christmas is celebrated with a lot of lights and offers of sweets
all over India. It marks the return of Rama to Ayodhya after 14
years of exile.
Guru Parab (Nov): Celebration of the
founder of Sikhism. The first full moon night after
The National Holidays:
Republic Day: Every 26th of January, you could attend the military
parade in Delhi which commemorates the Independent Republic of India.
Day (15 August): Celebration of the freedom of India from the
British rule in 1947.
Jayanti (2 Oct): This is the Mahatma Gandhi's birthday.