Geography of India
is divided into 28 states and 7 Union territories stretching from
the majestic Himalayas in the North to the coastline borders on
the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal in the South.
India features an amazing diversity of landscapes and vegetation.
The Himalayan landscape in the North encompasses snowcapped peaks,
glacial streams and pinecovered slopes. Then in the central India,
are the fertile and densely populated Indo-gangetic Plains. Three
rivers, the Indus, the Ganges and the Brahmaputra, are concentrated
in this valley. In the west of India, the Thar Desert and the semi-arid
scrublands represent the main landscapes but with an important variety
of flora and fauna.
The Deccan plateau covered with black volcanic soil is situated
in the South of the Gangetic Plains and flanked by the forests of
the hills of the Western and Eastern Ghats. The Indian coasts include
sandy beaches in Goa or Kerala, along with coconut palms, coral
reefs in the Andaman's, and mangrove forests in the West Bengal
to the region, and to the latitude, you could find different
kinds of climate in India, however, we could say that the autumn
and the spring, even if they are short seasons, are really pleasant.
The rest of the year is divided into the summer, the winter and
highest temperatures are recorded in Rajasthan, close to the Thar
Desert, and with the Western Ghats, these are the driest areas in
India. If the Himalayan belt enjoys a cool summer, the lowest temperatures
have been recorded in this area, where the snow is abundant in winter.
The central Deccan and the South have a tropical monsoon climate
with high temperatures. The coastal regions are humid and
warm, with torrential rains. Usually the northeast states and the
coasts are hit by the monsoon and cyclones.